Muuuh Nature & Wildlife

Endemic, Native, Introduced Species

Mainly to clean up my imprecise use of “endemic”, “native”, “introduced” species within my publications.

Endemic Species

A species unique to a defined geographic location such as an island, country, or other defined zone or habitat. A species that is indigenous to a place isn’t endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.

Native Species

Plants or animals originated and live in a defined area without any human intervention. Native species can be considered native in multiple locations throughout the year due to migration.

Introduced Species

A species living outside its native distributional range having arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.


Last updated on 2023-12-25. Written and regularly updated by Karl-Heinz Müller, Dipl. Natw. ETH, Biology. With 10 years of experience in wildlife photography, Karl-Heinz shares first-hand, on-site collected observations, photos and videos from his frequent visits to parks in the Montreal area.